WHAT IS WASTE?
The unwanted, unusable, or discarded material that is no longer required, termed as waste. It is defective, worthless or of no use in that state. The United Nations Environment Program elaborate waste as, any substance or a pile of objects that are not needed anymore and envisioned to be discarded mentioned by the national law.
Following are the major categories of waste:
Municipal waste: commercial waste, household waste, destruction waste
Biomedical: Clinical waste
Hazardous: Industrial waste, explosive waste, radioactive waste, electronic waste is also known as e-waste
WHAT IS WASTE MANAGEMENT?
Waste disposal or waste management dumpster rental is a series of actions and activities to manage the waste from commencement to its last dumping. The actions include the collection of waste from different sources, transport them to the action center, treatment according to nature, and the last step is the disposal followed by monitoring and laws implied by the waste management dumpster rental process.
Waste can be present in many forms like liquid, solid, or gas. Each form needs to be disposed of in different methods regarding nature. It is the responsibility of waste management dumpster rental to take care of such things. Waste can be a potential threat to living organisms.
According to a study, America is producing 220 million tons of disposal waste every year. The number is huge compared to any other nation. Waste management provides a variety of ways to decompose or what to do with trash. A trash can be a reusable resource if processed. Waste management is the need of the hour and important at all levels.
TYPES OF WASTE
For a better understanding of waste management, let us talk about the types of wastes we are facing. Several forms need to be treated in their unique ways. Following are the major waste types:
Liquid waste: Liquid waste can be generated on an industrial level as well as at the household level.
Solid waste: The number of items that cannot be liquified or burn becomes solid waste. It could be at the industrial level or commercial level or even at the household level.
Organic waste: organic things like food, animal or plant waste in lawns and garden clippings, degradable carbon stuff like cardboard, paper, timber, etc., are the basic and commonly found organic waste around us.
Bio-medical waste: this includes the disposed of material in the process of treatment, diagnosis, immunization of any living organism.
Agriculture waste: waste from life stock or crops falls in this category.
Recyclable rubbish: all the disposed of items that can be recycled and using them again like paper, metals, or organic wastes are included in this.
WHY IS WASTE MANAGEMENT IMPORTANT?
According to a report, 62 million tonnes of disposal is generated every year, out of which 28% only is recycled and the rest of its lefts in the landfills or on the roadside for years. Day by day the pollution is increasing as a result of non controlled pollution from ages. The situation is getting out of hands if proper work is not done to control it. Few of the key importance of waste management dumpster rental is discussed below:
With the help of waste management, we can save our resources, including natural resources, as well. We can see that our natural resources are running out day by day. Fossil fuel, trees, natural gas, etc., are running low. Take the example of trees here only. We know wood is used for making furniture, paper, paper cups, cupboards, and many other things. Every year thousands of trees are cut down to get these products. News trees, as in the comparison to usage, are not enough. Hence, decay is happening, causing air pollution, less pollination, a decrease in oxygen production, and many more. Therefore, we need to think about recycling the products generated from them and reuse them. So, a new tree can be saved from cutting down as the demand can be fulfilled with the recycled product. People are working for the purpose. They have made points where people can bring their old things like glass, newspapers or metal items. Their products can recycle and give them a new life.
Recycling things can produce energy. On the other hand, sometimes more energy is required to produce a new item instead of old ones. Like for example, combustion can produce more energy than passing the water through dams and producing electricity. Or even the biomass can produce such gases which can be used as an energy source. It totally depends on how waste is managed and used for the advantage.
Waste management, dumpster rental, or recycling of the waste can help humanity to reduce the situation of different kinds of pollutions we are facing. People need to understand the fact and should reduce their waste disposal. Or at least adopt to use recycled things instead of going for a brand new one. A local explain of plastic bags. Plastic bags do not decompose easily and hence, spread the pollution wherever they are found. Industries or factories pollute the air with smoke in the production of new goods. So, recycling allows us to cope with the situation in much better and successful ways.
When we allow recycled things to be reused, we actually gain time for our natural resources to grow. Same as if we use an alternative method to fight the situation, we can actually save the vital and important asset. Take the example of trees again. When we started to use recycled products and plant new trees, ultimately the number of new trees increase. As a result of which out usage gets reduced, more plantation can be possible. This will help in solving the problem of air pollution as well. So, our resources are being recovered and saving us from the destruction, all possible because of the help of waste management and roll-off dumpster rental.
We are suffering from land as well as ocean waste, as well. Our aquatic life is also disturbed due to the negligence of the industries that dump their waste in there. So, recycling our trash can help us to figure out new ways to find an escape from the destruction we have caused for ourselves. Again, waste management is very important at all levels.
Saving Environment or Earth Friendly
Not a single person can save the environment when struggling alone. The struggle needs to be done by every single person on this planet. We all need to do our part to save our Earth. Day by day, the ozone layer is disappearing, and direct sun rays are hitting us directly, causing problems more than we thought. Global warming is one of the major issues we are facing. Glaciers are letting down. Animal species are getting extinct. Deforestation causing many land-related problems. Hence, we are surrounded by examples to see what we are doing to our environment. We need to adopt such methods for waste management through which we can make eco-friendly items rather than using items, the yield from the environment.
Pollution causes the worst impact, not only on the environment but also on the health of the livings. Animals on the land or in the sea are dead due to our mistakes. Human beings are suffering from different kinds of diseases just caused by pollution surrounded us. When we reuse our resources, we gave time to nature to restore itself. Hence, a better living in a better environment ensures us better health as well.
Cost reduction at the industrial level
Instead of going on brand news products at the industrial level to get the goods, recycled material helps in the reduction of manufacturing as well as reduces the waste average as well. This helps the industry to gain more than spending on it. It is important for every industry to control its expenses and to earn more out of it.
METHODS OF WASTE MANAGEMENT
As discussed earlier, each wasted matter has its own ways to be recycled or decompose. Few of the major methods of waste management are discussed below:
The landfill is the most popular and widely used method to dump the waste. In this process, the waste is buried in the land. It helps in controlling the hazardous reactions of the matters and eliminates the odor, as a present when on the ground. This technique needs a lot of ground area to cover.
Advantages: the Easiest way to dump the waste
Disadvantage: the area of landfill is not covered immediately, causing attraction to several congenital diseases.
Ocean dumping is one of the oldest and most used methods of waste management and in this, there is no dumpster rental cost. Usually, industrial waste has been dumped into the ocean to avoid land pollution.
Advantage: the hazardous matters do not react to the soil and barren it.
Disadvantage: ocean life got really affected and disturbed.
This method is used to dump medical waste. The incineration, a special furnace in which waste is burnt at high temperature, is used to get rid of medical garbage. A large amount of waste substances turns into ashes, which take very minimum space and can be dumped on landfills easily.
Advantage: helpful in disposing of contaminated or medical waste easily
Disadvantage: energy to burn the waste at high temperature cost more which makes it an expensive option. It may cause air pollution.
The waste collected from organic origin can be decomposed biologically and able to be used as compost for landscaping or agriculture. Gas collected in the process can also be used as energy supply, such as electricity production, out of it.
Advantage: give multiple outputs to be used while decomposing the organic matter
Disadvantage: needs a proper system and management, difficult to handle at the individual level.
The 3R rule for waste disposal has its own importance in waste management processes. The 3 R includes reducing, Reuse, and Recycle.
REDUCE: the usage of matters can be reduced to avoid waste in the first place. It is a firsthand practice for and individual to fight the battle of waste management.
REUSE: we can reuse a single product at different levels for different purposes. A plastic bottle after using the liquid can be used to store things.
RECYCLE: plastic, glass, paper, or metal can be reformed into other objects which can be converted into useful products. The process is known as recycling.
This is one of the successful methods of waste disposal. In this method, an electrically charged gas, known as plasma, is used to produce a very high temperature, exceeds 12,600F. This plasma is then used to torch the operation in which the gasification zone is created, resulting in the conversion of a solid substance into liquid and then into syngas.
Advantage: the destruction of dangerous material can easily be done through this process
Disadvantage: expensive to afford
This is one of a simple and easy method to do. Composting is a natural bio-degradation method in which old or dead plants and kitchen waste is used as a nutrient-rich fertilizer for the plants through which we fulfill our food needs. The process is usually used in organic farming.
Advantage: one of the best and safest waste disposals, having safe compost out of unsafe organic products.
Disadvantage: a relatively slow process that needs a lot of patience, time, and space to take place.
Zero waste system
A zero-waste system is an initiative in which a person adopts a lifestyle in which one does not use extra or unnecessary things that needs to be wasted in the long run. Like, instead of purchasing a new product, the old one can be repaired; using second-hand things; keep handy the recycled products instead of taking a new item all the time.
SUSTAINABILITY PRACTICES FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT
Waste management is a series of processes starting from the collection of the waste to transporting it to the location where it can be processed or dispose to the monitoring and managing the material until it turns into another. So, sustainability is very important to manage every bit of the waste into an effective manner rather than dumping in landfills only.
The growing infrastructures and developments in society are causing more waste which needs a proper disposal structure. Sending to it in the landfills is not an option anymore. So, a proper waste management initiative needs to be taken to save our future generations. Otherwise, we will degrade our air, land, and water with a huge burden of pollution and the financial crisis as well on us as well as on to the future generations as well.